Summertime. Longer Days. Kids home. Family vacations occur. Beach trips are frequent. Smiles are seen everywhere. And unfortunately a large number of us will get sunburned. That is why The US Department of Health & Human Services dedicated July as National UV Safety Month. While UV rays affect us all year, it seems the summer time brings this concern to the front of our minds. So what can you do to keep yourself and your children safe?
What is the UV index and how is it calculated?
The UV index is calculated daily (mid-afternoon EST) by the Environmental Protection Agency. The higher the rating, the higher your exposure is to Ultraviolet sun rays. This occurs through the thinning of the ozone layer and is affected by seasonal and weather variations. For more information on the index, please click here.
What is sunburn?
Essentially, sunburn is the killing of skin cells. There are two things that happen to sunburned skin. First, your immune system reacts, increasing blood flow to the area and allowing white blood cells to flood the area, and your skin turns red and warm. Second, the damaged nerve endings send signals to your brain which is why it is so painful to touch the affected skin.
Brief facts on Skin Cancer.
There are two types of skin cancer – melanoma and non-melanoma. The non-melanoma type cancers are associated with years of consistent sun exposure result in tumors on the most-exposed areas (typically ears, hands, etc.). The Melonoma skin cancer are associated with intense burns over a short period of time resulting in malignant tumors being formed all over the body, typically in the form of moles. In both cases, it is recommended you see a licensed physician and have them asses the damage as well as the risk for future damage.
General UV Safety Tips:
1. Stay out of the sun between 10 AM and 4 PM.
2. Use sunscreen of SPF 15 or higher. Apply two tablespoons on your body every 30 minutes.
3. Wear a light, breathable cover-up and hat.
4. Check your skin frequently for changes.
5. Avoid tanning beds.
6. Purchase UV-blocking sunglasses.
7. Keep newborn babies out of the sun.
For more tips and tricks from the US Department of Health and Human Services, Please click here. We at Able Cleaning Service wish you and your family a FUN and safe Summer of 2013!